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学生成为践行环境可持续方面的生力军

Many Children Take a Love for the Planet Back to School

学生带着对地球的爱 返回校园

For many children in the United States, going back to school means more than returning to classes and homework. It means getting back to school groups and student organizations interested in environmental sustainability.

对于美国的很多孩子来说,返校不仅意味着重返课堂以及做作业,返校还意味着回到学校致力于环境可持续的各个团体和学生组织中。

Sustainability can involve everything from reducing food waste and making fertilizer from organic material to organizing campaigns for cleaner oceans and waterways.

可持续可以包罗万象,从减少食物浪费到用有机物制造化肥,再到组织活动以净化海洋和水道,不一而足。

April Peebler is executive director of a California-based group called Heirs to our Oceans. It tries to help 12- to 17-year-olds from around the world learn about and fight for environmental causes.

艾谱莉·皮伯勒是总部位于加州的“海洋继承人”组织的执行董事,该组织试图帮助来自世界各地的12到17岁的孩子了解并为环保事业而奋斗。

Peebler told The Associated Press that young people are usually more active in sustainability issues than adults are. "There's a lot of passion there, and a strong desire to deal with the problems facing the environment," she said.

皮伯勒告诉美联社,年轻人通常会比成年人更积极地参与可持续发展问题。她说:“人们对解决环境问题充满了热情和强烈的愿望。”

Fifteen-year-old Hannah Ono of Massachusetts has been active in environmental causes for years. When she was 10-years-old, she and some friends launched a petition on the internet. They urged Americans to tell the restaurant Dunkin Donuts about their opposition to Styrofoam cups.

15岁的汉娜·奥诺来自马萨诸塞州,多年来,她活跃于环保事业。她10岁的时候,和一些朋友在网上请愿。他们激励美国民众告诉餐厅唐恩都乐——他们反对泡沫聚苯乙烯制成的杯子。

About 300,000 people signed up for the online campaign. Ono says they helped persuade the company to stop using the cups for coffee and other drinks by 2020. "My next petition is for the City of Boston to ban Styrofoam containers," she said.

近30万人签名参加了这次的网上请愿。奥诺说,他们助力劝服了这家公司,让其在2020年之前不再使用这种杯子来装咖啡等饮品。奥诺说,我下一次请愿是想让波士顿市禁止使用泡沫聚苯乙烯制成的容器。

Perhaps the most famous teenage environmental activist is 16-year-old Greta Thunberg of Sweden. She motivated others to launch climate-change strikes around the world last year.

或许最出名的少年环保活动家当属16岁的格里塔·桑伯格,她来自于瑞典。去年,格里塔·桑伯格鼓励其他人在世界范围内发起与气候变化有关的罢工。

Thunberg plans to speak at the United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York City later this month. She will join world leaders who are expected to present plans to reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions. Studies have linked such gases to rising temperatures in Earth's atmosphere.

本月晚些时候,桑伯格计划在纽约市全球气候行动峰会上讲话。她将和多位世界领导人一起分享如何减少二氧化碳等温室气体排放量的想法。多项研究认为,温室气体与地球大气层温度升高有关。

Thunberg spoke at a recent meeting of political and business leaders in Davos, Switzerland. She told them, "I don't want you to be hopeful. I want you to panic. I want you to feel the fear I feel every day. And then I want you to act."

桑伯格在瑞士达沃斯最近举行的一次会议上做了讲话,与会者有政客也有商界领袖。桑伯格跟大家说,我不希望你们怀抱什么希望,我希望你们有如履薄冰的感觉。我希望你们像我一样每天感到担忧,然后有所行动。

Joelle Alley is head of EarthTeam, a California non-profit group. It offers an internship program for children interested in sustainability. The group offers to pay young people who sign up as interns.

乔利·艾利是加州非盈利组织EarthTeam的负责人。该组织向那些对可持续发展感兴趣的孩子们提供实习项目,并为那些签约成为实习生的年轻人提供薪酬。

Alley says the group starts each school year by presenting its program to around 10 under-resourced high schools in the Richmond, California, area.

艾利表示,该组织在每个学年开始的时候,都会向加州里士满地区大约10所资源不足的高中介绍他们的项目。

She says EarthTeam organizes teams of 14 interns from each school. The children then work with adults to identify environmental problems at their school and in their community. The students then "come up with action campaigns to help solve the problems."

她说,EarthTeam从从每所学校选出14名实习生组成团队。然后,孩子们与成年人合作,确定他们学校和所在社区的环境问题。然后学生们“提出行动计划来帮助解决问题。

The Food Recovery Network is one of the largest student-led movements fighting food waste and hunger. Students at U.S. colleges connect with college dining halls, local shelters and food pantries to make sure surplus food is given to those in need.

食物复原网络是由学生倡导的运动之一,旨在抵制浪费食物的行为并减少饥饿问题的发生。多所美国大学的学生跟大学食堂、当地避难所、食物分发处都建立了联系,目的是确保多余的食物能发到有需求的人手中。

Regina Anderson is the group's executive director. She says students have recovered 3.9 million pounds of food so far this year.

里贾纳·安德森是该运动的执行理事。她说,今年到目前为止,学生们已经分发再利用了390万磅食物。

I'm Jonathan Evans.

乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报。

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